How should a diabetic eat? The first answer to that question is: “as the doctor orders.” More generally, look for both moderation and balance.
Large portions of food all at once can lead to blood sugar imbalances even if the food is healthy and low glycemic. Most diabetics target eating 30 to 60 grams of carbohydrate each meal, spacing their carbohydrate intake throughout the day. Carbs from whole grains and vegetables are a better choice than carbs from processed foods or sweet items.
How should a hypoglycemic eat? The answer is very similar to the case of the diabetic. The goal is balance and avoiding a high blood sugar situation which later leads to abnormally low blood sugar. Of course, the doctor’s orders come first.
In both cases, foods other than carbohydrates—proteins, fats and foods with fiber—need to be in good balance (and be of good nutritional quality) because people with blood sugar issues almost always have other health issues that are impacted by diet.