The two major inflammatory bowel diseases are Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis. These diseases involve an inflammatory response in the intestines. They are often treated with powerful drugs in conjunction with dietary restrictions.
Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) should not be confused with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) which, while uncomfortable, has far fewer serious consequences to general and digestive health.
Crohn’s disease can involve any portion of the digestive tract, while ulcerative colitis only involves the colon. Drugs treatments and recommendations for nutritional supplements differ for the two conditions, but similar general food recommendations apply for both.